By Peyton McPeak
On Tuesday, November 9, the whole country went into shock when Republican nominee and businessman Donald J. Trump won the 2016 presidential election and became the presumptive future 45th President. Although Democratic nominee and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton lost the race and the presidential election has come to a conclusion, young Americans must know about each party and their stances on the issues facing our country today.
Represented by presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and current president Barack Obama, the Democratic party had been around for two hundred years and is one of the two major parties in the United States. Most known for several achievements, the Democratic Party enacted the passing of the several history-changing laws including the Nineteenth Amendment, Social Security Act, creation of the Peace Corps, Civil Rights Act, and the Affordable Care Act, or better known as Obamacare.
The Republican Party started out as fighting against the expansion of slavery into western parts of the United States, credited for the Emancipation Proclamation, the Thirteenth Amendment, the Fourteenth Amendment, and other accomplishments, the GOP (another name for the Republican Party) was the party for the following leaders: Abraham Lincoln, Calvin Coolidge, Dwight Eisenhower, and Ronald Reagan.
Philosophy and Taxes: The Democratic Party leans toward the left side of the political spectrum with preferences of a universal health care system and provide service to those who are not as lucky and increase taxes when the time comes
Republicans lean toward conservative views of spending less government money and tax and believe in a balanced budget.
Gun Ownership: One of the focal points of the 2016 presidential election included the Second Amendment, declaring that citizens have the right to keep and bear weaponry. Due to recent attacks, Americans had become more concerned about gun control regulations and wonder if stricter laws need to be put in place. Although they believe the Second Amendment needs to be preserved, Democrats support the enforcement of gun control laws that “limits the ownership” as website Enkivillage states. However, Republicans, including Trump, support the idea of gun ownership, stating ownership of guns is a constitutional right of US citizens.
Immigration: Another major dispute during the election was how to deal with the illegal immigrants that cross the U.S.-Mexico border and enter into the country. The majority of the Democratic candidates, including Clinton, support offering a path to American citizenship to the people that crossed the southern border. Republicans, on the other hand, supported Trump’s idea of building a wall and repealing President Obama commissioning pardons for the illegal immigrants.
The Future of the Affordable Care Act: The ACA has made healthcare affordable to over families across the country; however, since the day it was passed in 2010, Republican politicians vowed to repeal the act if a Republican nominee ever becomes president. However, Democrats believe in continuing the Affordable Care Act, but want to make some changes that can increase its availability. Bernie Sanders, though, wanted to provide a single-payer healthcare system that other governments use, such as Canada.
Abortion Rights: After the Supreme Court decided it was legal for women to partake in abortion, the nation has been divided. The Republican party believed in pro-life, meaning that they oppose the rights that women have abortion, but are divided on whether that includes in cases of sexual assault. On the other hand, the Democratic party believe in allowing women choose to get an abortion.
Syrian Refugee Crisis: The United States has also been divided on how to deal with the refugees coming from the Middle East, especially Syria; but with the attacks on Paris, France, people strongly believe in both Democratic and Republican views. Democrats want to allow more refugees into the country; moreover, Clinton believed in allowing over 600,000 Syrians to seek asylum. Despite that millions are trying to escape war, the majority of Republicans agree to place a ban on any refugee being admitted into the Union.
As you see about their views, Republicans and Democrats hold strongly opposing ideals that they think can benefit the nation moving towards a future. Although the election may be over, it is important that the American people have a right to support whomever they choose.